The town lies on the northern slopes of the central Balkan range spreading towards the valley of Dryanovska River. The oldest traces of human life on the Balkan Peninsula have been discovered in Bacho Kiro Cave. They testify the existence of human life as far as the Paleolithic age.
the Ottoman domination the settlement enjoyed certain privileges - the
population was exempt from payment of taxes against a commitment to protect
the mountain passes. Like all other Balkan Mountain towns and villages,
Dryanovo flourished during the Revival period. The town became famous
for its wood-carvers and builders. One of the most glorious episodes of
the April Uprising is the defence of the Dryanovo Monastery.